Youโ€™re working away at your desk trying to organize your filing cabinet when you accidentally run your hands over one of the papers a little too fast. Little droplets of blood begin to form and seep out of the cut.

Youโ€™re too distracted by the burning sensation in your finger to think about it right now but each droplet of blood contains millions upon millions of cells. Each of these cells has a different function and some of them can turn cancerous.

Blood cancer occurs when some of your blood cells donโ€™t develop as they should. There are different types of blood cancer ranging from common to uncommon.

Keep reading to learn about some of the more common ones


What is leukemia? Leukemia is a kind of blood cancer that involves a growth of abnormal white blood cells inside the bone marrow. People who have Leukemia can either experience a low white blood cell count or a high one.

Someone with Leukemia will start showing troubling symptoms such as fevers, chills, frequent infections, weight loss, fatigue, bleeding and bruising, swollen lymph nodes, red spots, and sweating.

Some treatment options for Leukemia include chemotherapy, targeted therapy, radiation therapy, biological therapy, and stem cell implants. If you would like a more natural treatment for leukemia those are available as well.

There are four different types of Leukemia that you should familiarize yourself with.

Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia

Acute lymphocytic leukemia is mainly found in children. It involves the speedy creation of immature blood cells. Adults can fall victim to this branch of leukemia but it’s a little rarer.

Acute Myelogenous Leukemia

Acute myelogenous leukemia can commonly occur in children and adults alike. It’s also known for its quick creation of immature blood cells.

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

This is the most common form of blood cancers in adults. It starts off slow. You may have it for years before you start showing a single symptom.

This branch of leukemia affects the white blood cells that are responsible for fighting infections in your body.

Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia

Chronic myelogenous leukemia is a genetic change that takes place in the myeloid cells when they are still immature. These cells are responsible for creating platelets, red blood cells, and most of your white blood cells.

This disease is found in adults more often than children. Like chronic myelogenous leukemia, you could have it for years without showing any symptoms.


Lymphoma affects the lymphocyte cells that are found in the spleen, lymph nodes, bone marrow, and thymus. These lymphocyte cells are the ones that fight various infections that occur in the body.

For someone with lymphoma these cells, grow and change out of control until they form tumors. If you have lymphoma you may experience symptoms such as night sweats, shortness of breath, swollen glands, fever, fatigue, itching, and weight loss.

There are two different types of lymphoma, Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Hodgkin Lymphoma

With Hodgkin lymphoma, the cells that are located in your lymphatic system begin to grow out of control. So much so that they can spread to areas away from the lymphatic system as well.

Hodgkin lymphoma is common in those that are in between the ages of 20 and 40. It can affect those over the age of 55 as well.

Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is a lot more common than Hodgkin lymphoma. Like Hodgkin lymphoma, non-Hodgkin begins in the lymphatic system. It happens when the lymphocyte cells develop tumors.

As you can see, both strains of lymphoma are similar. They have to be treated quite differently, however.


Myeloma is a type of cancer that affects the white blood cells in your body known as the plasma cell. These plasma cells are responsible for keeping infections away by creating antibodies.

A person with myeloma might experience symptoms such as weight loss, infections, extreme thirst, weakness and numbness in the legs, fatigue and mental fogginess, nausea, loss of appetite, and constipation.

If you develop this type of cancer your treatment options may include chemotherapy, targeted therapies, corticosteroids, and monoclonal antibodies.


Myelodysplasia occurs when your bone marrow creates a large number of unhealthy blood cells. This causes an imbalance between healthy cells and unhealthy ones.

There’s a good chance that you won’t show symptoms of myelodysplasia when it’s still in the early stages. When it’s in the late stages, you will experience shortness of breath, fatigue, unusual bruising and bleeding, small red spots, infections, and paleness.

Treatment options are chemotherapy, supportive treatments like transfusions, immunosuppression treatment, and stem cell treatments.

Myeloproliferative Neoplasms

Myeloproliferative neoplasms occur when your bone marrow makes way too much of one kind of blood cell. There are a few different branches of this type of cancer.

The first type is essential thrombocythemia. It happens when your bone marrow makes too many blood-clotting cells.

Polycythaemia vera occurs when your body makes too many red blood cells. It causes your blood to be thicker than it should be which puts you at a large risk of developing blood clots.

Lastly, there’s Myelofibrosis. You may develop this condition if your bone marrow becomes scarred. When this happens, it can’t create blood cells as it should.

Symptoms of myeloproliferative neoplasms include weakness and fatigue, loss of appetite, pale skin, excessive bleeding from even the most minor cuts, shortness of breath, and sinus, skin, and urinary tract infections.

Your Guide the Different Types of Blood Cancer

Blood cancers occur when your blood cells don’t form as they should. There are several different types of blood cancer but these are a few of the most common ones that you should make yourself familiar with.

If you start experiencing any symptoms of the diseases we’ve talked about, go see your doctor right away so you can receive the treatment you need.

Part of keeping cancer away is making sure your body stays healthy. Check out the health and fitness section of our blog daily for all the latest advice on staying well.

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