Table of Contents
- Smart Doorbell Systems
- Total Home Security Systems with Cameras
- Outdoor Camera Systems
- Wireless Camera Systems
- All Around Motion Detectors
- 1. Passive Infrared Sensors
- 2. Tomographic Motion Detector
- 3. Microwave Detectors
- 4. Ultrasonic Detectors
- 5. Photoelectric Beams
- 6. Glass Break Detectors
- 7. Magnetic Switches
- Securing Your Home and Family
A burglary takes place every 14.6 seconds in the U.S. Most of these burglaries take place between 10:00 am and 3:00 pm.
Those statistics from the Washington Post are alarming enough, but here’s another one that may help you decide that it’s time to invest in your own home security system.
Fifty percent of victims had their house burglarized a second time, usually within 30 days.
Before you become a statistic, here are a few more facts about home security systems with cameras that can help you decide which type of security system you need.
Smart Doorbell Systems
Smart doorbell camera systems let you monitor who is at your front door from anywhere. See when someone drops off a package at your house and keep a video record of all visitors.
Some will allow you to talk with the person on your doorstep. Others simply record the video of what’s going on.
They attach to your doorbell and when triggered by someone ringing the bell or tripping a motion sensor (across the walkway as a rule). You are notified and can answer on your phone.
Most of these are easy DIY systems that use your existing doorbell wiring. A few run on rechargeable batteries, but most work with the standard 16-volt transformer. If you aren’t comfortable troubleshooting electrical issues, you might still want to get this professionally installed.
Total Home Security Systems with Cameras
Your front door isn’t the only part of your home that should be secured. Today’s perimeter protection systems also feature flexible camera setups.
Outdoor Camera Systems
While indoor security camera systems are as popular today as adorable pet videos on YouTube, when it comes to home security, the place to start is outside.
There are a variety of different camera brands and styles to choose from, from single “bullet” cameras to those you can monitor in real time that pan and tilt. You will need to determine what the “coverage angle” of each camera is to figure out how many cameras you need for your perimeter.
The other major decision you’ll need to make with your outdoor cameras is determining what light levels you need. There are cameras that record “infrared” motion and some that turn on lights when triggered so true camera recordings can be achieved. Cameras are also increasingly sensitive and can capture more than shadows upon shadows in very low-light situations.
Remember the leading statistic about burglaries, however. Most of them occur in broad daylight when there is the most likelihood that no one will be home. While many security camera salesmen tout their expensive “night-vision” systems, you need to weigh that heavily against your budget.
Wireless Camera Systems
Regardless of the type of camera, a true wireless camera setup is preferred for outdoors. A camera is considered “wireless” if it transmits over Wi-Fi or if it doesn’t need to be plugged in. A true wireless setup is both.
The other major decision you’ll need to make about your home camera setup is whether you want a done for you (DFY) system or a DIY project. Do you want to invest in one of the major monitoring programs (like ADT or Vivent)? Or, do you want to set up and operate your own independent system?
All Around Motion Detectors
Most security camera systems are based on motion detection. Rather than have a static camera feed that captures real-time footage, these systems are only triggered by some kind of action. There are seven major types of motion detection systems. You can learn more about that here.
1. Passive Infrared Sensors
Passive Infrared Sensors detect the infrared light in objects; warm bodies emit IR radiation that it reads. It then emits electricity that activates the alarm. They don’t pass through glass, so you won’t get a lot of false positives from someone moving around in the house.
2. Tomographic Motion Detector
This new form of tech detects movement in an area through a mesh network of radio waves. It has nodes that you install in the area you want to protect which communicate with one another on a radio frequency. You can hide them from view and can cover up to 5,000 sq. ft. They pass through walls and obstructions. They operate on 2.4 Ghz, similar to wireless networks.
3. Microwave Detectors
A microwave detector also emits radiation. This one also creates a field between the transmitter and the receiver, but it uses electromagnetic waves. Any disturbance in the zome sets off the alarm. They have a long range of 400-1,500 sq. ft. They detect motion through walls and around corners so they are prone to false alarms. Your pets can trigger them. Their field doesn’t penetrate metals creating a dead zone behind metal.
4. Ultrasonic Detectors
These sensors use echolocation to detect motion, like bats. It’s a very sensitive motion detector which means its also very prone to false positives. Your pets may also be able to hear the sound waves which could irritate them. They’re great for offices with a lot of obstructions.
5. Photoelectric Beams
Photoelectric beams don’t have a coverage area like the rest of the motion detectors. They form a fence around the perimeter instead. An alarm is triggered if something breaches this fence made of IR beams. They’re great for outdoor use (if you choose one that can withstand the weather in your area). They catch intruders earlier than any other system.
6. Glass Break Detectors
If someone breaks some glass to gain entrance to your house, this detector will pick up on it. That’s because breaking glass generates ultrasonic and infrared frequency vibrations. When this system detects those it triggers an alarm. Place it next to your doors and windows because it does have a limited radius.
7. Magnetic Switches
This type of motion detector is also for doors and windows. The alarm is sounded whenever someone opens the door or windows breaking the connection between the piece attached to the glass and the piece attached to the frame.
Securing Your Home and Family
You can choose to design your home security system around a certain camera type, or around the motion type most likely to trigger the system. Which way you choose to start isn’t as important as making the decision to choose home security systems with cameras.
Being able to see, and potentially capture a home burglary on video is an important step in being able to solve the crime. That’s why the cameras are such an asset. In the end, though, protecting your family is the real reason to invest in any home security system.