According to a Pew Hispanic Center report released this week, “Hispanic voters are nearly three times more prevalent in states that gained congressional seats and Electoral College votes in the 2010 reapportionment than they are in states that lost seats.”

The report states:

Overall Latinos represent a greater share of eligible voter and resident populations in states that will gain seats than they do in states that will lose seats. Among eligible voters, in states that will gain seats 15.2% are Latino, while in states that will lose seats just 5.4% are Latino. Among resident populations, 23.6% is Latino in states that will gain seats compared with 8.4% in states that will lose seats.

In Texas, Latinos account for one-in-four (25.5%) of the state’s eligible voters and 36.9% of the state’s population. In Florida, Latinos account for one-in-seven (15%) of the state’s eligible voters and 21.5% of the state’s population. And in Arizona and Nevada, Hispanics represent 19.7% and 14.1% of eligible voters respectively.

The report points out that in Florida, 48 percent of Latinos, 80 percent of whites, and a little over 63 percent of blacks are eligible to vote. Nationwide, less than half of all Hispanics are eligible to vote either because they are under 18 years of age or are not citizens.

Despite historic victories for Hispanic Republicans in the midterm elections, Latino voters continued to favor Democrats (64 percent) while 34 percent voted Republican.

As their numbers continue to grow, Latino voters will play a larger role in U.S. elections. In Florida, a swing state in recent presidential elections, Latinos favored then-Democratic candidate Barack Obama over Republican John McCain in 2008.

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