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12 million people over the age of 40 in the United States have some form of vision impairment. Some impairments are minor, but there are also several serious eye diseases to look out for.
If you’re want to know more about the types of eye diseases, keep reading to learn more.
Glaucoma is caused by a group of eye diseases. It often causes blindness due to damage to the optic nerve. This damage often shows no early symptoms other than a gradual decline in vision.
The damage to the optic nerve occurs due to an increase of pressure in the eye, often caused by a build-up of fluid. This pressure prevents the optic nerve from sending images to the brain, leading to peripheral vision loss, tunnel vision, blurry eyes, and blindness.
Glaucoma is incurable, but some treatments and surgeries slow the damage.
Cataracts are one of the most common eye diseases, affecting a large percentage of the population over 65. This disease occurs when the lens behind the iris becomes opaque and blocks vision.
Someone struggling with cataracts will appear to have a cloudy film over their eyes. This film blocks light and prevents them from seeing clearly. Cataracts are treatable with removal surgery.
Macular Degeneration is also known as Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD), because it’s a progressive disease related to aging. It occurs in two types, wet AMD and dry AMD.
AMD is when the macula starts deteriorating due to thinning or abnormal blood vessel growth. The macula contains light-sensing cells and impacts the sharp central vision.
Damage from AMD is not reversible, but the progression of the disease is preventable with a healthy diet, proper protection from sunlight, and avoiding smoking.
Diabetic Retinopathy (DR) is a complication of diabetes that is the leading cause of blindness in the US for adults. Increases in blood sugar damages the blood vessels of the retina causing them to leak or form in new areas, blurring or blocking vision.
DR progresses in four stages but can be prevented with proper diabetes care and early intervention.
This is a rare condition where the retina becomes detached from the eye. Detachment may occur slowly over time with tugs in parts of the eye or immediately due to trauma.
Retinal detachment leads to decreased vision but is something doctors can repair with surgery.
Take Care of Your Eyes
To take better care of your eyes, follow these preventative eye diseases tips to keep them healthier:
- Wear sunglasses
- Know your family’s medical history
- Eat a balanced diet
- Give up smoking
- Rest your eyes
If you experience an eye injury or worry about the health of your eyes, see how an emergency eye care clinic can help at medicalartseye.com.
Know The Types of Eye Diseases
To stay on top of your eye care, familiarize yourself with the different types of eye diseases. Knowing what to look out for allows you to identify problems early and take preventative steps.
Want to focus more on your overall health? Visit our Health and Fitness section to read more articles.