According to the CDC, about 10.5% of the general population had diabetes in 2018. And when you broke down those numbers, type 2 diabetes was much more common than type 1.

So what exactly is the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes? We’ll explore the topic and also look at how these differences might affect diabetes care for living with diabetes.

The Different Types of Diabetes

Type 1 and type 2 are the two main types of diabetes. Both of these are considered chronic and are related to how the body regulates blood sugar. In order to properly regulate your glucose levels, your body needs insulin.

People with type 1 diabetes do not produce insulin. Their bodies simply can’t make it.

People with type 2 diabetes do not respond to insulin the way they should for proper regulation. The longer someone has type 2 diabetes, the less insulin their body makes.

Diabetes Treatment

Symptoms & Causes of Diabetes

People with both types of diabetes may experience symptoms such as:

  • Urinating frequently
  • Feeling very thirsty, hungry, or fatigued
  • Blurry vision
  • Slowly or improperly healing cuts or sores
  • Irritability or mood changes
  • Weight loss

The symptoms tend to be similar for both types of diabetes. They can, however, present differently in different cases. Those with type 2 diabetes may not experience symptoms for many years, whereas those with type 1 diabetes tend to develop symptoms very quickly.

These types also have unique causes. In type 1 diabetes, the body attacks its own insulin-producing cells, inhibiting the body’s ability to produce insulin. In type 2 diabetes, a person becomes insulin resistant due to a number of lifestyle, genetic, or environmental factors.

Diabetes Treatment

Diabetes Treatment

For the most part, diabetes treatment involves coping with diabetes or managing it. Type 1 diabetes, for example, does not have a cure. Since people with type 1 diabetes don’t produce insulin, they must inject themselves with it on a regular schedule.

Type 2 diabetes can be managed, and sometimes even reversed, by lifestyle changes. Adopting healthy diet and exercise habits can make a huge difference when it comes to insulin resistance. Living with diabetes for those with type 2 may also involve some medications.

For both types of diabetes, measuring blood sugar levels, or A1c levels, is crucial for proper and informed management. Those with type 2 diabetes should try particularly hard to keep their A1c levels as close to the optimal range as possible. There are lots of tips and guidance on how to do so.

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The Difference Between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes: Explained

The difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes is fairly straightforward. Type 1 diabetes is when the body cannot produce insulin, and it cannot be cured. Type 2 diabetes develops out of insulin resistance, and it can be reversed through lifestyle changes.

Both can be well managed to make it as easy as possible to live with diabetes.

If you found this article informative, make sure to check out some more of the posts we have under our health and fitness category!

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