This world has become data-driven where organizations in various sectors are using data for their daily business operations. With all this data being produced continuously, from business records to customer logs, managing the IT services, and delivering products to the customers can be a hassle. This is where ITIL comes in.

The Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL) framework helps organizations to manage and deliver their IT services efficiently and economically. Therefore, professionals who have completed ITIL Certification are in high demand as companies look to hire more IT service managers.

What is ITIL?

Developed by Central Computer and Telecommunications Agency (CCTA) in the UK in the 1980s, ITIL is the de facto standard for IT service management and is used by companies to serve their customers in a quality-driven way. The ITIL framework is a set of the best practices that allow organizations to manage their IT infrastructure to fulfill business requirements, manage risks, strengthen customer relationships, and develop a stable IT environment. This allows growth and implementing organizational changes easily.

Let us understand some key ITIL terms –


These are the special abilities an organization applies to its resources to create value aimed at the end-user.


These are a well-defined set of activities that are aimed to achieve some objectives. Characteristics of processes are:

  • Measurable
  • They convert inputs to outputs
  • They can be triggered by specific events
  • They are aimed at delivering specific services to customers/ stakeholders


Functions can be considered as a group of professionals and the tools they use to carry out processes.


These are raw materials required to create a product or service such as staff, funds, time, and equipment.


Responsibilities assigned to professionals or teams for the creation of services


The means of providing the customers’ value

Core concepts of ITIL

The ITIL framework is divided into different phases which are described below –

Service strategy

A service strategy is the set of strategies required to achieve the business objectives. This defines the services and how to implement the strategies to create the services. Service strategy addresses issues such as corporate governance, policy/ decision making, business processes and service improvement.

It has the following sub-categories:

  • Service Portfolio Management
  • Demand Management
  • Strategy Operations
  • Financial Management
  • Business Relationship Management

Service Design

In this phase, the ideas and strategies generated in the first phase will be used to design the services. All the supporting elements required to launch the service in a live environment are discussed here. The 4 Ps of service design – People, Processes, Products, and Partners are also considered.

The processes under service design are:

  • Service Catalog Management
  • Service Level Management
  • Availability Management
  • Capacity Management
  • Service Continuity Management
  • IT Security Management
  • Supplier Management

Service Transition

All the IT services are developed and deployed here. It is also ensured that service management processes and changes made to the services are both in sync. The subcategories under this phase are –

  • Change Management
  • Change Evaluation
  • Project Management
  • Release and Deployment Management
  • Service Validation and Testing
  • Service Asset and Configuration Management
  • Knowledge Management

Service Operation

The main aim of the Service Operation stage is to deliver services efficiently to the customers and meet their expectations. Handling customer requests, resolving service errors, failures, and carrying out operational tasks – are all included in this phase.

The different processes of this phase are –

  • Event Management
  • Incident Management
  • Request Fulfillment
  • Access Management
  • Problem Management

The functions of this phase include

  • IT Operations Management
  • Application Management
  • Technical Management

Continual Service Improvement (CSI)

As the name suggests, this phase is about the steps taken to continuously improve the services and enhance their efficiency. The different steps under CSI are –

  • Determining strategies for improvement
  • Gathering, processing and analyzing data about the service
  • Properly presenting the information acquired from the data
  • Analyzing the information to perform improvements to the service

Benefits of ITIL framework

Using the ITIL framework does not only improve the IT services of a company but also helps in solving other business issues. The advantages of using this framework are mentioned below –

  • Aligning the IT infrastructure with the current business strategies
  • Enhancing collaboration and communication between different teams is simpler, as the framework is compatible with other project management systems
  • Better product delivery and assessing customer requirements
  • Better cost management using detailed metrics and proper utilization of existing resources
  • The best practices and processes of ITIL enable companies to adapt to this rapidly changing technological scenario and take more customer-centric strategies
  • The framework offers businesses a stable environment where they can grow, change and scale-up

Companies who use the ITIL framework –

  • Bank of America
  • Bank of New York
  • Boeing
  • Capital One
  • IBM
  • Disney
  • Hewlett-Packard
  • Honda
  • JP Morgan Chase
  • Microsoft
  • Sony
  • Toyota
  • Wall-Mart
  • British Airways
  • Visa

Importance of an ITIL certification

The ITIL certification has 5 levels – Foundation, Practitioner, Intermediate, Expert, and Master. All levels need to have in-depth knowledge about the framework. But, the new ITIL 4 certification only has ITIL Foundation and the ITIL Master exams.

If you are a professional looking to enter the IT service management department or just looking to enhance your capabilities, ITIL Training is the way to go. A certification can help you earn almost 40% more than others. You will be able to apply for job positions such as –

  • ITSM Service Manager
  • Solutions Architect
  • Service Delivery Manager
  • System Administrator

Companies such as Adobe, Barclays, Accenture, Amazon, IBM, Capgemini, Google, and Oracle hire professionals with ITIL certification. On average, an ITSM Service Manager earns INR 1,353k per year. So, enroll in an ITIL course today to begin your exciting career in IT service management!

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Post antivirus era
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Antivirus Software Can Make Your Computer More Vulnerable

The core purpose of an antivirus software is to protect your device and the data from malicious programs such as viruses and malware. Using a computer or a smartphone without an antivirus program is considered a crime. Users feel protected and safe.

The beginning of the post-antivirus age

Recently, a team of internet security experts has warned that the antivirus programs are not doing a great job in protecting the data of the users. In fact, in most of the cases, an antivirus program can make your device and data more vulnerable.

The Project Zero team at Google found some major issues in the Symantec and the Norton antivirus programs. The CERT has already issued a warning to the users, and the antivirus companies have been informed of these vulnerabilities but the damage has been done.

No Antivirus Security

Is it safe to use antivirus software?

The question that the users are asking if it is safe to use malware programs?

Apparently, having an antivirus program installed on your machine feels good and protected. This is a general perception but some of the experts don’t use any antivirus software.

Mannan, a professor in Concordia University doesn’t use any antivirus. He hasn’t used any for ages because he doesn’t see any value in them.
The CEO of KnowBe4 is of the view that antiviruses are useless and don’t help in protecting the data anymore.

The best thing you can do is stop using antivirus software. This is what the security experts are doing and this is what they call ‘the post-antivirus age’. Having an antivirus installed on your machine that doesn’t do anything is of no use. Not just that antivirus programs don’t have the capacity to detect and remove viruses but they create loopholes and make your machine insecure.

How to protect your data and device

In today’s post-antivirus age, the best way to protect your machines and data from security breaches is to take precautionary measures. Here is what you should do.

1. Refrain from downloading files and attachments from unknown persons. This is the most common and the primary source of infecting your machine with a virus.
2. Update the operating system regularly. Keep it updated. You should be the first to install the updates from the operating system as these updates keep the machine current and protected.
3. Do not use external storage devices from unknown people. The best practice is to refrain from attaching any storage device with your primary work machine. Ask people to share files via cloud or email as this is a safer route.
4. Do not connect with public Wi-Fi and networks. It is an awesome feeling when your device catches an open network but let this feeling not dominate your senses.
5. Backup your data regularly. This includes everything ranging from photos to videos to important files. Either use cloud storage or an external storage device for the backup.

The best you can do to protect your computer, smartphone and other devices from viruses is to refrain from using antivirus software. This is what the experts do and recommend.

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