One of the most common talking points in favor of Macs is that they’re more secure than Windows. However, Apple computers can still have viruses or other cyber attacks.

Because of this, you should verify your Mac security settings. If something isn’t secure, you can add a password or adjust the settings accordingly.

Keep reading to learn about the essential Mac security settings to change.

Set a Password

The first line of defense you should implement is to set a password. A password will allow you to log into your computer, but it will keep other people out.

Follow these steps to set a password:

  • Click on the Apple icon and select System Preferences
  • Go to Security and Privacy
  • Select Require password
  • Set the time when you want to require a password

Setting a password is a great start when protecting your Mac. Once you figure out how to set the password, you’ll know the basics of how to change security settings on Mac for other things.

Then, you can make sure you keep your computer and files as secure as possible.

Review Your Privacy Settings

After you have a password in place, you should head to your privacy settings. This is where you can review more of your Mac security settings and adjust them to make your computer more secure.

  • Go to System Preferences
  • Click on Security & Privacy
  • Head to the Privacy tab

You’ll see options for controlling location services, contacts, photos, and more. Click on each item on the left, and the right side will give you the services you can control.

Various apps can request to have access to your contacts or photos. You can choose which apps will have access and which won’t.

For example, you may need to grant location access to your weather app. If you use GarageBand, it will need access to your microphone.

Consider which apps you want to grant permission to for certain things. You don’t have to grant access to every app, so you should be picky about your Mac security settings.

Check Safari Privacy

You can also adjust the privacy settings when using Safari. Changing your Mac internet security settings will protect you and your computer when browsing the web.

One way you can strengthen your Mac security settings on Safari is by blocking all cookies. Internet cookies allow websites and advertisers to track your online activity to target you with the right ads.

You can also change your Mac internet security settings to prevent cross-site tracking. This will delete tracking data from various sites until you visit those sites again.

And if you have Apple Pay or the Apple Card, you can allow websites to use those payment methods. As long as your Mac has Touch ID, you can choose to allow or deny Apple Pay, and you can change those settings if necessary.

Turn on the Firewall

Apple ships Macs with the firewall set to be off, and it’s not necessary to turn it on. However, if you have a piece of vulnerable software, you may want to turn on the firewall.

  • Go to System Preferences, the Security and Privacy
  • Select Firewall
  • Click on the checkbox to Automatically allow signed software to receive incoming connections

Turning on the firewall will help protect your computer because it will require a valid certificate. This will help protect your computer from accepting any software or downloads, so you can ensure your Mac will be safe.

Once you set your Mac security settings and turn. on the firewall, you will have more control over how you use your computer.

Encrypt Your Files

If you have to share your Mac with someone else, consider encrypting your files. You don’t need to download any special software since FileVault comes with your computer.

You can turn on auto-encryption, which will protect your files and will require a special code.

  • Go to System Preferences, then Security and Privacy
  • Select the FileVault tab, then click on the lock
  • Click Turn On FileVault
  • Next, you can connect your iCloud account or set a recovery key

You’ll have to wait for quite a few hours for your Mac security settings to take effect. Don’t be afraid to plug in your computer, and make sure you don’t need to use it while the settings change.

Once everything finishes, you can let others use your computer without worrying about them accessing your documents.

Turn Off Sharing

Even if you don’t share a computer with others, you may need to share things from your computer. However, leaving sharing settings on can make your Mac unnecessarily vulnerable.

To turn off media sharing, head to Home Sharing, then deselect Media Sharing. You can also turn off Home Sharing to keep from sharing media between devices with the same Apple ID.

When sharing media with guests, you don’t have to turn off sharing settings. But you should require a password. Then, you can make sure you only share what you want.

Decide Which Apps Can Run

If you want to know how to speed up Mac computers, you can use the right Mac security settings. One important step in this process is to determine which third-party apps to use.

While Mac has a lot of native programs and some good options in the App Store, you may want to use another program. Before you download apps from the internet, consider downloading Mac security software.

Apple configures Macs to be secure, but they aren’t the perfect defense. If you want to protect yourself against hackers, you may want to look for more.

Programs like AVG and Sophos provide the protection you need for your computer. Then, you can use any app or website that you want, and you won’t need to worry about security issues.

Essential Mac Security Settings

Whether you’re new to Mac or have been using one for years, you should protect your computer. Luckily, the right Mac security settings can be enough for most people.

But if you need more protection, you can look for security software. Then, you can use your computer more securely.

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